"Under current circumstances, relevant sides should not provoke each other or take actions that would escalate tensions on the Korean Peninsula," Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang said at a regular press briefing Monday.
Russia's Foreign Ministry also spoke out against the test which is the first since Donald Trump's inauguration. The Ministry said in a statement that it was a defiant disregard of UN resolutions.
Russia and China were both members of the Six-Party Talks, a diplomatic attempt to curb North Korea's nuclear program that started in 2003, along with the United States, Japan, and North and South Korea.
The missile North Korea fired was the Pukguksong-2 which is a previously unpublicized part of its arsenal, according to state media. It's a nuclear-capable, intermediate range ballistic missile, which typically travels from 3,000 to 5,500 kilometers (1,864 to 3,417 miles).
According to a spokesman for the South Korean Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Pukguksong-2 is believed to have been built using a fuel propelled engine which allows for a faster launch while increasing the mobility of the launch process.
The Joint Chiefs also believe that Pyongyang employed a cold-launching system, in which the missile is lifted off the ground using pressure and then ignited mid-flight, as opposed to igniting it in the field, which is said to be less stable, the spokesman said.